12 Point Senior Living Assessment (continued):

6.      Reduce the Risk of FALLS. This is always the place where the children or family will get more buy in for a home          assessment. Every senior knows of someone who fell and their life changed dramatically. And they are right,                the goal is not to fall, not to get hurt, not to have a fracture. The statistics show that a fall increases the                            likelihood of spending your remaining days and possibly years in a nursing home.

Are the floors free and clear of clutter, extension cords, piles of old mail, magazines, general debris, are there               scatter rugs? Are there motion activated night lights and adequate room lighting? Are there pets that dart                      around the indoor living space that could be under foot? And most of all, is there a history of falls, has this                    senior  fallen before? Do not assume that you would know if the senior has fallen, many a senior if able to get up          independently will not tell anyone they have fallen. The question must be asked.

Please go to the “search” button on this site and search “falls” or go to the falls category, this is a topic that                     cannot be over stated.

7.    Emergency – smoke detectors. Are there functioning smoke detectors? Is there a system in place to change the              batteries on a regular basis. As in Part I under cooking, this is the time to look for indications that something has       been  burnt – pot holders, dish towels, cutting boards, etc.

8.     Neighborhood safety. How close is the nearest neighbor, does the senior know the neighbor? Do you know the             neighbor? Would the neighbor be willing to check on your senior if you called them? Does the senior feel safe in           the neighborhood? Safe in their home? Safe going out at night? Does the senior, if they drive, feel safe going to              their car? This is the time to take a look at door locks and window security. Is there a system in place to ensure            that the senior cannot get locked out of their home by mistake?

9.     Water Temperature. Check the water temperature, make sure it is set below 120 degrees. As a person ages, they            may lose the ability to accurately feel water temperature due to diseases. Checking the water temperature on a             regular basis reduces the chance that this costly mistake will be made.

10.    Money Management. Are there stacks of bills sitting around or sitting in bags? Have you found money hidden               in interesting places? One elderly man decided to hide his money in a family Bible, to quickly forget where he               had hidden it. Are all of the seniors services in good working order, any indication that a service has ever been             interrupted?

11.     Does the senior have a healthcare/financial power of attorney in place? Is the power of attorney well informed            of the seniors wishes? Is there a living will? Make sure that if a decision has been made to have a “Do Not                       Resuscitate” form in place, that it is posted in a visible location if needed.

How often this assessment is completed is a judgement call. If the senior is very highly functioning, it will just give a heads up on what things to be looking out for. Over time, what started as an annual check can begin to be twice a year and for some areas, turn into monthly checks.

Virginia Garberding RN

Certified in Gerontology and Restorative Nursing