WHAT DOES THE PERSON WITH DEMENTIA NEED?

The person with dementia needs to feel safe, but not in a way that they feel restricted. The person with dementia has a need to understand. The person with dementia has a need to be understood. The person with dementia has a need to be healthy and physically fit. The person with dementia has a need to be spoken to like an adult.

The need to feel safe, means feeling comfortable and accepted. Many times when a person with dementia moves into a nursing home, they will talk about “going home.” Home is where you are comfortable, accepted and you will not be forced into doing something. In the nursing home setting it takes about a month for many to no longer ask to go home. It is not that they are now resigned to being in the nursing home. It is that they finally feel that acceptance and feel at home.

The need to understand, and be understood. Persons with dementia have lost their normal forms of communication. They no longer can communicate verbally or non-verbally their needs. Even the person who still has words has trouble expressing their thoughts and feelings. Misinterpretation of their environment causes more misunderstanding and results in fear.

The person with dementia has a need for nutritious food and exercise.  Nutritious meals, no junk food, supplement with B vitamins for stress and brain health, fresh air and exercise results in better sleep. (B vitamins should only be taken in the morning so they do not disrupt sleep)

The person with dementia needs to be included in conversations. They need to be addressed by their preferred name or title.

The person with dementia struggles all day long to understand their world and make their needs known.

Virginia Garberding RN

Certified in Gerontology and Restorative Nursing